Author ORCID IDs from DOIs?
I am responsible for SafetyLit (short for safety literature). We were an ORCID launch partner.
Bachground: Although many journal publishers not accept or require an ORCID for each author with each manuscript submission, and these are often printed with the author affiliation; these ORCID IDs are not always available among the metadata for download. This is because personal bibliographic managemenrt software (EndNote, Mandeley, Zotero, etc.) do not capture ORCID IDs.
Is there a system available to enter a publication's DOI (say in CrossRef) and obtain each author's ORCID ID? This would be a boon to author name disambiguation within the SafetyLit database. There are many authors who have common names in their own language. Author names are included in article metadata with varying degrees of completeness. Even if there is currently no way to automate the obtaining of name to ORCID association, is there some way for this to be done by hand author-by-author, article DOI by DOI?
In a multidisciplinary field it is common to have several authors with identical names. The disambiguation problem in my SafetyLit database is monumental. Then there is the problem of authors who publish with initials only, name variants, etc. How is an author of a manuscript to comply with style guide requirements for full, complete author names (CMoS ¶14.72 or APA ¶6.27) without help from a consistent identifier and the inclusion of such things in a reference manager?
Thanks for your query, and our apologies for the delay.
In the situation described, it seems that the DOI agency, e.g. Crossref, would be the best system to consult.
When a publisher has submitted an article to Crossref, and included in its metadata is the author’s ORCID iD which was authenticated via OAuth during submission, then that ORCID iD will be available when you query Crossref with that DOI.
An example can be seen in 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.03.027
When one queries Crossref for the metadata (in json), one will find the ORCID iD of the author:
With regards to reference managers, this is a question that was raised by the working group on the display of iDs in articles. If you’d like further information on this, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Finally, with regards to compliance with style guides: in the case of creating a citation of another published work, is it not the name of the author as listed on the title page or article as it is that name that is associated with that publication? Otherwise, one may have misunderstood the final paragraph of the query in this regard.
David Lawrence commented
Thank you for your helpful remarks.
To your question in your final paragraph, "...is not the name of the author as listed on the title page or article as it is that name that is associated with that publication?" The answer is NO, the name used on one particular item may NOT be sufficient if the author has published other items and has used a different or more complete form of his or her name. A reference list or bibliography shouldn't have multiple items by the same author but represented with different name forms.
From the Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition:
Authors’ names are normally given as they appear on the title pages of their books or above their articles. Certain adjustments, however, should be made to assist correct identifiction. First names may be given in full in place of initials. If an author uses his or her given name in one cited book and initials in another (e.g., “Mary L. Jones” versus “M. L. Jones” versus “Mary Jones” versus “Mary Lois Jones” versus “M. Jones”), the same form, __preferably the fuller one, should be used in all references to that author__. To assist alphabetization, middle initials or names should always be given wherever known”. [¶14.72] (emphasis mine)
The APA style guide has a similar requirement (6.27). Other major style guides have similar requirements but I cannot quote the section and paragraph numbers of the rules.