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I suggest that...

Review of work categories and types

There have been several ideas related to the current work categories and types on the ORCID record and suggestions for addition and improvement. This thread will combine these ideas together, as well as serving as a place to discuss additional suggested categories or work types.

By way of background: The current listing of work types (see is sourced from the CASRAI Output Standards. We would now like to open a discussion about the best approach to adding future work categories and types with the ORCID Community, through our iDeasForum.

Thank you for your suggestions to improve the ORCID Registry.

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    ORCID (APAC/MEA)AdminORCID (APAC/MEA) (Admin, ORCID) shared this idea  ·   ·  Flag idea as inappropriate…  ·  Admin →
    Tiago Gonzaga VideiraTiago Gonzaga Videira shared a merged idea: A category for edited Musical works is missing (link ISMN)  ·   · 
    Bob CookBob Cook shared a merged idea: ORCID add research data products ("data sets") as a "Work Category." Right now, ORCID treats research data products as a lower level type.  ·   · 
    Anonymous shared a merged idea: letters to the editor  ·   · 
    Panos PaparrigopoulosPanos Paparrigopoulos shared a merged idea: Conference Proceedings work type:  ·   · 
    francesco.arneodofrancesco.arneodo shared a merged idea: Add Work Category: participation to panels or committees  ·   · 
    Torsten BrongerTorsten Bronger shared a merged idea: Add "habilitation" to work types  ·   · 
    Anne StevensonAnne Stevenson shared a merged idea: Add 'software' and 'visualisations' (or 'visualizations') to the supported work types, in the Other work category  ·   · 
    Leighton ChristiansenLeighton Christiansen shared a merged idea: add Work Category: Research Project  ·   · 
    maria.gulinellomaria.gulinello shared a merged idea: For publication type, you should really add "Review"  ·   · 
    Anonymous shared a merged idea: Add another category for policy publications to the drop-down menu of "works"  ·   · 
    Anonymous shared a merged idea: Work type: teaching courses  ·   · 
    Will WilcoxWill Wilcox shared a merged idea: Any plans to introduce blog posts as a formal work type, or is this getting too granular?  ·   · 
    Barry SmithBarry Smith shared a merged idea: Add 'ontology' to the list of Work Types  ·   · 
    Stefanus MuryantoStefanus Muryanto shared a merged idea: add section for teaching documents. Will be very useful for teachers.  ·   · 


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      • Tiago Gonzaga VideiraTiago Gonzaga Videira commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        In the area of Musicology, composition or Artistic studies a crucial part of Publications refers to edited musical works (sheet music editions), that are not regulated neither by ISBN nor DOI, but ISMN ( I have several music editions that I cannot link nor identify, and I supose my other peers from related areas.

        I propose the creation of the item "Music Edition" inside "publications" along with books or journals, since these specific items differ from performances or CDs for instance.

      • Andrew DunningAndrew Dunning commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        It would be incredibly useful if not only the full list of CASRAI output types could be implemented, but indeed everything found in their academic CV profile at <>. This would allow ORCID to become a truly interoperable system for applying to funding, jobs, etc., and listing all types of one's outputs (e.g. linking to a website for a new course designed, instead of merely listing this as an online resource).

      • Andy MabbettAndy Mabbett commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        I'm surprised by this request. I sat on the "ORCID works metadata working group" in 2013, and we made (at my suggestion) the recommendation [1]:

        "Users should be able to add additional type-in values for this field when needed; ORCID should work with published ontology[2] to add popular typed-in values to the published ontology/ vocabulary"

        The reasoning behind this approach is that it will capture the "missing" types that are most commonly used in the real word, rather than those which we think are important (or, with due respect to colleagues posting here, those favoured by people who happen to comment.

        If the method for implementing the recommendation - which, I understood, was accepted - is not clear, I'll be happy to elaborate. Please contact me directly if so.

        [1] - third bullet-point under "Work Types", page 2.

        [2] i.e. CASRAI

      • Julia KuehnsJulia Kuehns commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        Can I suggest a category "Creative Work"? At the moment, from what I can see the only possible category is Work Category: Other -> Artistic/Performance - for our academics working in creative writing, say, this is not very accurate or satisfying. Including this category in Work Category: Publication would also acknowledge creative works such as poems, short stories or novels as academic research output.

      • John SankeyJohn Sankey commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        What about professional awards? Honorary degrees can be put under education, but many awards confer a prestige well in excess of any associated funding, or involve no funding at all.

      • John SankeyJohn Sankey commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        Another of my work types that isn't covered well is brochures that have been refereed (in my case by the local health authority and municipal government) and published. For the moment I'm calling them 'reports', but they take at least 10x the effort per word of any real report I've written!

      • John SankeyJohn Sankey commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        Blog posts in particular are, I submit, covered by work type:online resource.

        One thing unique about online resources, reports etc. is that they remain open for editing by the author. There is thus no single date for them. I've been dealing with this by leaving the date field empty, but a date option 'continuing' would be clearer.

        Work type "Letter to the Editor" could easily be misconstrued. Might I suggest "Academic Communication" or something similar?

        Is there a difference between "policy publications" etc and reports? I've been using the latter.

      • John SankeyJohn Sankey commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        Since retiring I've been publishing my research work online on my own site as stand-alone web pages. So far I've been listing them as work category:Publication and work type:Report. A work type "online publication" or something similar would be more appropriate for this work.

      • OilinOilin commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        Having an option for electronic publications is vital: Blog post, infographics, etc.

      • Bob CookBob Cook commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        ORCID add research data products ("data sets") as a "Work Category." Right now, ORCID treats research data products as a lower level type, implying data products are not bona fide product of research activities.

        This elevation of data products to a Work Category is an appropriate change, given the importance of published and archived data in modern research.
        Such a change would promote the legitimacy of data products within ORCID

      • Anonymous commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        Some of my publications are Letters to the Editor of an academic journal. I would like to see the category "Letter to the Editor" under "Work type."

      • Panos PaparrigopoulosPanos Paparrigopoulos commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        ‘Conference Proceedings’ is not offered as a work type by ORCiD. 'Conference Proceedings' could be a ‘book’ but some times they are not.

      • Melissa HaendelMelissa Haendel commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        Why not consider the openRIF VIVO-ISF standard for such things. It is being implemented in federal biosketch and reporting systems, would seem a good idea to promote interoperability. There are very many other contribution types and a lot going on in this space that ORCID could be taking advantage of.

      • francesco.arneodofrancesco.arneodo commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        It would be ideal if ORCID captured all the aspect of a researcher's career, and that one is something that is evaluated by my institution

      • Torsten BrongerTorsten Bronger commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        Currently, "habilitation" can not be properly mapped to ORCID work types, yet it is a significant and distinct publication type.

      • Anne StevensonAnne Stevenson commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        Articulating 'software' and 'visualisations' (or 'visualizations') enables an unambiguous statement of type, rather than relying on the catch-all of 'other'. It broadens the type of contributor likely to be attracted to ORCiD as an identifier, and improves the breadth of research outputs identified

      • Leighton ChristiansenLeighton Christiansen commented  ·   ·  Flag as inappropriate

        add Work Category: Research Project. There are many ways to contribute to a research project, besides being a principle investigator or author, such as project manager, data collector, data manager, etc. Currently these are hard to acknowledge under the current categories. And Other: other doesn't tell the picture of your role in the research. Adding a category such as this will be very useful going forward with new public access plans from the White OSTP, such as the new one from US DOT.
        Thanks for considering it.

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